Open Educational Resources (OER)
Open Educational Resources are teaching and learning resources (e.g., textbooks, powerpoint slides, activities, assessments, etc.) that are openly licensed and free to use. These resources can be adopted and used in the classroom as is or modified as needed to best fit the learning outcomes of a course.
These open resources are critically important for advancing student success and closing equity gaps across student groups. Textbook costs have risen at approximately three times the national inflation rate (GAO Report to Congressional Committees on College Textbooks 2013), and these rising costs influence student decisions and subsequent performance in courses. For instance, 67% of post-secondary students did not purchase the required textbook for at least one of their courses, and students withdrew from and decided not to register for courses due to textbook costs (Florida Student Textbook Survey 2016). Students who enroll in courses that have OER textbooks have higher course grades on average compared with students in courses that have traditional textbooks, and these increases in student performance are more pronounced for Pell recipients, minority students, and part-time students (Colvard, Watson & Park 2018).
WTCS resources to support OER innovation:
Within the WTCS, we strive to transform the delivery of postsecondary education and training to advance the success of our students. This goal includes maintaining affordable education for our students using innovative strategies, including the development and use of Open Educational Resources. To achieve these goals, the WTCS provides OER resources and funding opportunities to our colleges as well as a platform for sharing and collaboration of OER best practices across colleges. In addition, through the Community for Open Wisconsin we work with our K-12 and post-secondary partners to enhance OER access and use across our state.
The WTCS has numerous grant categories that can be used to create and develop new OER resources and textbooks for programs. Perkins V grants and the Core Industry state grant can be leveraged for OER creation and development.
Our national partner, Achieving the Dream has implemented an OER Degree Initiative to assess the effects of providing open textbooks and resources in college classrooms. This project involves 38 community colleges in 13 states, and results from the second year indicate that open resources provided significant cost savings for students ($66-$121 per course on average), and students tended to invest these savings in their education (tuition and fees). The key challenges in adopting OER included faculty engagement and the costs of implementing OER courses, which averaged $11,700 and $18,200 per course for single-instructor and collaborative multiple-instructor courses, respectively.
- WTCS OER Repository is a spreadsheet that summarizes OER textbook adoptions across our system. In addition, you can find your college’s OER point person in the ‘Read Me’ tab.
- WISC-ONLINE is a non-profit organization based at FVTC that provides open educational programs, objects, videos, tutorials, games, and in 2020 they are releasing open virtual reality scenarios!
- WISELearn Resources Library is a OER Commons repository for OER used in Wisconsin’s K-12 schools, and the College and Lifelong Learning group allows for collaboration and sharing of post-secondary resources for WTCS, WAICU, and UWS.
- Skills Commons Repository provides OER for career and technical education and workforce development
- LibreTexts provides a collection of open resources and allows for easy remixing of content to create new resources that are tailored to best fit your needs
- OpenStax provides open textbooks for general education courses and they have a ‘Institutional Partnership Program’ for colleges who are interested in training and guidance in OER
- Open Textbook Library provides a library of open textbooks with comprehensive faculty reviews.
OER Across the System
- Check out the OpenRN project, led by CVTC, which is creating five OER nursing textbooks and virtual reality scenarios
- Interested in learning more about OER? Enroll in OER 101, an introductory course taught by CVTC Director of Library Services, Vince Mussehl. This course has been developed as part of the OpenRN project, but participants do not need to be part of the Health Sciences. This opportunity is open to all WTCS faculty and staff. Sign up on the OpenRN webpage.
- Interested in developing an open textbook? Learn more about the development process used in the OpenRN project by watching this presentation from OpenRN project director, Kim Ernstmeyer (MSN, RN, CNE, APNP-BC, CHSE).
- OER in the news:
- Criminal Justice Program Now has Zero Textbook Costs (Nicolet College Blog)
- CVTC instructor pens open education resource textbook (The Dunn County News)
- Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources – global community of practice for OER
- OER Adoption Impact Calculator – research-based tool for understanding the costs and savings of adopting OER